Nov 21

Daily Readings:

1 Chronicles 16.mp3,  Obadiah 1.mp3,  Luke 5.mp3,  James 3.mp3

(To listen to the audio of each chapter, click on the mp3 file above. Or, read the chapters below.)

1 Chronicles 16

1 ¶  So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God.

2  And when David had made an end of offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD.

3  And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine.

4  And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, and to record, and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel:

5  Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obededom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps; but Asaph made a sound with cymbals;

6  Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God.

7 ¶  Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.

8  Give thanks unto the LORD, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the people.

9  Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him, talk ye of all his wondrous works.

10  Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD.

11  Seek the LORD and his strength, seek his face continually.

12  Remember his marvellous works that he hath done, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth;

13  O ye seed of Israel his servant, ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones.

14  He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth.

15  Be ye mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations;

16  Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac;

17  And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,

18  Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance;

19  When ye were but few, even a few, and strangers in it.

20  And when they went from nation to nation, and from one kingdom to another people;

21  He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings for their sakes,

22  Saying, Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm.

23  Sing unto the LORD, all the earth; shew forth from day to day his salvation.

24  Declare his glory among the heathen; his marvellous works among all nations.

25  For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised: he also is to be feared above all gods.

26  For all the gods of the people are idols: but the LORD made the heavens.

27  Glory and honour are in his presence; strength and gladness are in his place.

28  Give unto the LORD, ye kindreds of the people, give unto the LORD glory and strength.

29  Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name: bring an offering, and come before him: worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.

30  Fear before him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.

31  Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice: and let men say among the nations, The LORD reigneth.

32  Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof: let the fields rejoice, and all that is therein.

33  Then shall the trees of the wood sing out at the presence of the LORD, because he cometh to judge the earth.

34  O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.

35  And say ye, Save us, O God of our salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give thanks to thy holy name, and glory in thy praise.

36  Blessed be the LORD God of Israel for ever and ever. And all the people said, Amen, and praised the LORD.

37 ¶  So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continually, as every day’s work required:

38  And Obededom with their brethren, threescore and eight; Obededom also the son of Jeduthun and Hosah to be porters:

39  And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon,

40  To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel;

41  And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever;

42  And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters.

43  And all the people departed every man to his house: and David returned to bless his house.

Obadiah 1

“The vision of Obadiah” (Oba_1:1) is the shortest book in the OT and the third shortest in the Bible. It has one theme only: the destruction of the descendants of Jacob’s twin brother Esau. Throughout history the Edomites had constantly fought against Israel and demonstrated their contempt for the chosen people.

The earlier dates suggested are during Jehoram’s reign (848-841 B.C.). A date of about 840 B.C. would seem the most likely.

Obadiah is the very first of the writing prophets and a contemporary of Elisha. Besides the fact that the book does not suggest the total destruction of 586 B.C., Oba_1:12-14 seem to be a warning to the Edomites not to repeat what they had done in the past. If Jerusalem were in ashes, such an admonition would be meaningless.

The prophecy is against the Edomites, who were descendants of Esau and bitter enemies of the people of Israel. They are pictured as having rejoiced over the fall of Jerusalem. Matthew Henry paints the strong emotions that form the backdrop for Obadiah’s short prophecy:
Some have well observed that it could not but be a great temptation to the people of Israel, when they saw themselves, who were the children of beloved Jacob, in trouble, and the Edomites, the seed of hated Esau, not only prospering, but triumphing over them in their troubles; and therefore God gives them a prospect of the destruction of Edom, which should be total and final, and of a happy issue of their own correction.
As we noted, Bible students are not agreed as to whether this refers to the destruction by Nebuchadnezzar or to an earlier downfall of the city.
In the NT, Edom is known as Idumea. Ruined economically by the Arabs and later conquered by the Romans, the Edomites disappeared from the pages of history about A.D. 70.
1-4 Obadiah opens with a prediction of the downfall of Edom by invaders because of its pride. An envoy is pictured inciting the nations to go to war against Edom. Its leading city, Sela or Petra, was carved out of the side of the high, rose-red cliffs south of the Dead Sea. It was considered impregnable against attack. However, the Lord would bring them down from their eagle heights and their nest among the stars.

1 ¶  The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord GOD concerning Edom; We have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen, Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle.

2  Behold, I have made thee small among the heathen: thou art greatly despised.

3  The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground?

4  Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the LORD.

5-6 Edom’s destruction could not be accounted for as the work of thieves or robbers; they would only have taken what they wanted. Even marauders would . . . have left some gleanings and not stripped it bare. But even Esau’s hidden treasures would be sought after!

5  If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave some grapes?

6  How are the things of Esau searched out! how are his hidden things sought up!

7 All the men in Edom’s confederacy would betray her and lay a trap for her.

7  All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee even to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, and prevailed against thee; they that eat thy bread have laid a wound under thee: there is none understanding in him.

8-9 Her wise men and mighty men, in whom she gloried, would be cut off by slaughter.

8  Shall I not in that day, saith the LORD, even destroy the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau?

9  And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter.

10-14 The Edomites should not have . . . rejoiced when they saw Jerusalem attacked. They should not have gloated or spoken proudly or helped to loot the city or cut off the fleeing Jews as they sought to escape or handed over to the enemy those among them who remained.

The picture drawn here is one of an utterly cold and heartless lack of restraint in Edom’s cruel treatment of God’s people. Edom was completely without mercy, showing not one shred of compassion to their brother Jacob. Perhaps this betrayed family relationship was one reason why their “doom” was so final.

10 ¶  For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever.

11  In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them.

12  But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress.

13  Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity;

14  Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress.

15-16 The day of God’s wrath on the nations was near, and Edom would be punished for her treatment of Judah. Their reprisal would bounce back on their own head. G. Herbert Livingston explains the illustration of drinking as follows:

The sorrow attending punishment is sometimes depicted by the prophets as comparable to drinking strong wine. See Jer_25:15-28 for an extended application of this analogy. God would not merely pick out Edom for an example but would equally judge all nations for their sins.

15  For the day of the LORD is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.

16  For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.

17-18 Israel’s future deliverance is foretold in the last section of Obadiah. Israel and Judah shall be a flame to devour . . . the house of Esau completely. Tatford summarized the history of Edom’s demise:

The Edomites were expelled from their country by the Nabateans, but took possession of the Negev, which became known as Idumea, and even temporarily occupied part of Judah, until routed by Judas Maccabeus in 185 B.C. Simon of Gerasa later laid Idumea waste and the Edomites seem to have disappeared altogether in the first century A.D. It is true that Petra became the seat of a Christian patriarchate until the country was taken by the Mohammedans in the 7th century A.D. Today there is no trace of any who could be identified as an Edomite. Obadiah’s prediction that there would be no survivor has been fulfilled.

17 ¶  But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.

18  And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for the LORD hath spoken it.

19-21 The land of Edom will be given to the Israelites dwelling in the South (the Negev). Those on the coastal plains (Shephelah; the Lowland) will be given the land of the Philistines. The captives will once more possess portions of the land of the Canaanites. Saviors (or deliverers) will rule the mountains of Esau, and the Lord will reign over the entire kingdom.

19  And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of the plain the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria: and Benjamin shall possess Gilead.

20  And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.

21  And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the LORD’S.

Luke 5

1 ¶  And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret,

2  And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets.

3  And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon’s, and prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he sat down, and taught the people out of the ship.

4  Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.

5  And Simon answering said unto him, Master, we have toiled all the night, and have taken nothing: nevertheless at thy word I will let down the net.

6  And when they had this done, they inclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake.

7  And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they began to sink.

8  When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

9  For he was astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken:

10  And so was also James, and John, the sons of Zebedee, which were partners with Simon. And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men.

11  And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all, and followed him.

12 ¶  And it came to pass, when he was in a certain city, behold a man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.

13  And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him.

14  And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.

15  But so much the more went there a fame abroad of him: and great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by him of their infirmities.

16  And he withdrew himself into the wilderness, and prayed.

17 ¶  And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them.

18  And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before him.

19  And when they could not find by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went upon the housetop, and let him down through the tiling with his couch into the midst before Jesus.

20  And when he saw their faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.

21  And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?

22  But when Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answering said unto them, What reason ye in your hearts?

23  Whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Rise up and walk?

24  But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins, (he said unto the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, and go into thine house.

25  And immediately he rose up before them, and took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his own house, glorifying God.

26  And they were all amazed, and they glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to day.

27 ¶  And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me.

28  And he left all, rose up, and followed him.

29  And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them.

30  But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

31  And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick.

32  I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

33  And they said unto him, Why do the disciples of John fast often, and make prayers, and likewise the disciples of the Pharisees; but thine eat and drink?

34  And he said unto them, Can ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?

35  But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.

36  And he spake also a parable unto them; No man putteth a piece of a new garment upon an old; if otherwise, then both the new maketh a rent, and the piece that was taken out of the new agreeth not with the old.

37  And no man putteth new wine into old bottles; else the new wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall perish.

38  But new wine must be put into new bottles; and both are preserved.

39  No man also having drunk old wine straightway desireth new: for he saith, The old is better.

James 3

1 ¶  My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.

2  For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.

3  Behold, we put bits in the horses’ mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body.

4  Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.

5  Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!

6  And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.

7  For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:

8  But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.

9  Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.

10  Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

11  Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter?

12  Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

13 ¶  Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom.

14  But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.

15  This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

16  For where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work.

17  But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

18  And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.

Mediation of the Day: from Charles J Rolls’ book, ‘His Glorious Name’

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